Every hiker has heard of the “10 Essentials”. It’s the basic necessities that everyone should bring before heading into the wild. The list covers everything from navigation to hydration. But what about when the you take your dog hiking or backpacking?
In this edition of Therm-a-Rest Beta, Dream Teamer Alicia Erskine gives us her 10 essentials for taking your pup into the backcountry.
The therapy and joy a dog can bring to your life on a daily basis is like no medication a doctor can provide. They make you smile, comfort you even when you think you don’t need it and give you unconditional love. It was only natural we seek adventures to share with our four legged companions. Dogs have a great sense of their surroundings. They can be great at alerting you if something’s not right, such as wildlife close by.
When we started backpacking early 2015, we became addicted. The spots you could reach that did not have vehicle access were breathtaking. Your mind settles and you are able to take in the fresh air and just be in the presence of something that seems lost within a busy life. I remember this one spot, it was over 2 hours of uphill switchbacks, it felt brutal with our packs. When we arrived to this glacier fed lake with mountain views, I realized I could have done it a hundred times over. Let me tell you, so could the dogs. They are like machines. When we exit the truck, the dogs are full of energy, so excited to get going. By the time you reach your spot to set up camp for the night, they are exhausted, ready to sit by the fire and get a rested sleep in the tent.
Just like with us, exercise, being outdoors, fresh air, does our health good, it does for our dogs too.
Before a planned backpacking trip, we make a list of all the essentials we need to have a comfortable and safe time. This is no different for dogs. They too have essentials they require to be comfortable and safe. I’ve created a list of the 10 Essentials for Backpacking with Dogs.
To avoid any possible injuries to your dog, start with smaller hikes to get your dog used to hiking terrain and build strength and endurance. Over a few weeks you will build up to longer day hikes.
If you plan to have your dog wear a pack and carry some of the load, start with your dog wearing a harness if they typically wear collars. After a few times wearing the harness, do a few hikes with an empty pack. Slowly add weight to the pack. It is recommended your dog carry no more than 25% of their body weight.
The 10 Essentials for Backpacking Dogs
*Standard “10 Essentials” in bold with my “Dog Essentials” in italics.
- Navigation Leash
- Insulation Insulated Jacket or Fleece
- Sun protection Cooling jacket: They wear a fur coat all the time. Keep them cool in hot weather
- Safety Bells and lights to help keep track of your dog and keep other hikers and wildlife aware. ID tags
- First-aid special considerations for paw care
- Fire Toys for distractions while you do crucial tasks.
- Repair Kit and Tools Repair the trail with poop bags and trowel.
- Nutrition (extra food) Food and treats
- Hydration (extra water) Their own bowl and water bladder
- Shelter footprint, ZLite or other needs while in the tent.
Things to consider when backpacking with your dog. Make sure you research your backpacking destination. Some parks have certain regulations around dogs in parks, possibly require your dog to be on leash. You want to make sure where you plan on going allows for dogs. Always have a leash with you. While your dog may be great with people and/or dogs, not all dogs may be great with your dog and not all people like dogs. Be considerate and when you see people and/or dogs approaching keep your dog with you. A great leash to pack is a waist leash so you can be hands free when you need to leash up your dog.
Keep the elements in mind, if you are backpacking in the middle of summer or winter, you may want to think about an insulated jacket or fleece which would be ideal for the winter. Yes, dogs have fur, but some are not adapted for all harsh cold weather and some have very thin fur coats. When temperatures drop at night, it’s important to keep your dog safe from their body temperatures dropping. *This is an item they can carry in their pack.
While we just touched on the elements, switch from cold to warm. In the summer, the heat can be a huge concern and even deadly for dogs. Always plan ahead. Talk to others who have done trails you want to check out and ensure there’s plenty of shade to seek out for breaks. Cooling coats are excellent for dogs to keep cool on hot days. All that is required is water to soak the cooling coat. *This is an item they can carry in their pack.
Always remember to have current up-to-date ID tags. Prepare for the unexpected. Something could scare your dog to take off running. Having a current ID tag with your phone number and a secondary contact can up the chances of your dog returning home safely if another hiker/camper gets ahold of him/her.
A night light gives added visibility to know where your dog is at all times. Keep Bear bells on your dog for safety. Bear bells alert wildlife and other trail users.
Many items in a first aid kit can be used on your dog, however, adding a couple extra items will have you better prepared. Adjust your dog to boots to protect their paws for the extreme elements or even sharp rock terrain. Cuts can happen, and having boots in your kit can be used to protect a wound. Another great alternative can be a pad balm to protect and moisturize a dog’s pads. Most kits will have tweezers which you can use to remove ticks, or you can add a tick remove to your first aid kit.
I usually pack a toy for the dogs to play with. Sometimes we backpack to a lake and the dogs love to fetch water toys. Toys are great distractions for dogs in addition to providing a comfort from home. A dog’s favorite toy is a great stress relief for new situations. *This is an item they can carry in their pack.
Be respectful of the trails. Carry poop bags and trowel and clean up after your dog. Ask about waste bags next time you buy. Some are biodegradable and can be tossed in outhouse toilets. *This is an item they can carry in their pack.
Pack extra food for your dog. Backpacking burns a lot of calories in dogs too and they will need the extra nutrition for energy. Make sure you provide your dog with clean drinking water, they too can get sick from contaminated water. *This is an item they can carry in their pack.
Make sure you provide your dog with clean drinking water, they too can get sick from contaminated water. Follow the same practice you would with your own drinking water. Boil first, allow to cool and give to your dog.
After a long day of hiking, nothing beats a cozy area to rest. I bring a Therm-a-Rest Z-Lite for the dogs to sleep on. They are spoiled and they also sleep with the Therm-a-Rest Corus HD Quilt. Both have been great at providing warmth from the ground. *This is an item they can carry in their pack.
Keep in mind, most of these items for your dog are things your dog can carry in their own pack. The items I carry for them is the Therm-a-Rest Corus HD Quilt, which is shared between me and the dogs. Another item I carry is the first aid kit. Remember to put all items in a zip block bag so they stay dry in case it rains or your dog decided to trek through any rivers along the way. Packing with this 10 Essentials for Backpacking with your Dog list will give you and your dog a great camping experience together.
Author: Alicia Erskine is a Canine Adventurist hiking on Vancouver Island trails with a pack of dogs. When she’s not out hiking with client dogs, she’s on summits, camping, or working on new skills with her own two dogs, Kona and Cali. Follow her on IG at @aliciakine to see the human side of her life.